Ontology eBook: Logic --|-- Ontology

History of Logic from Aristotle to Gödel

by Raul Corazzon | e-mail: rc@ontology.co

 

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A Selection of Prominent Logicians from Aristotle to Gödel (1931)

INTRODUCTION

SEP = There is an entry in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

IEP = There is an entry in the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC) | SEP | IEP |

Disciples of Aristotle

The Dialectical School

Philo the Dialectician (4th century BC)

Diodorus Cronus (second-half of the 4th century BC) | SEP |

Stoics

Zeno of Citium (c. 334 BC - 262 BC)

Cleanthes of Assos (c. 331 BC - c. 232 BC) | IEP |

Chrysippus (c. 280 - c. 207 BC) | IEP |

Epictetus (50 - 130) | SEP | IEP |

Epicureans

Philodemus of Gadara (c. 110 - c. 40 BC) | SEP |

Greek Commentators of Aristotle's Logical Works

Alexander of Aphrodisias (end of 2nd century) | SEP |

Porphyry (234? - 305?) | SEP |

Ammonius Hermeiou (c. 435/445 - 517/526) | SEP |

Simplicius of Cilicia (c. 490 - c. 560)

John Philoponus (c. 490 - c. 570)

Other Greek Logicians

Claudius Galenus (129 - 200) | SEP |

Sextus Empiricus (160 - 210)

Plotinus (204 - 270) | SEP |

Proclus Diadocus (412 - 485) | SEP |

Diogenes Laërtius (3rd century)

Latin Logic before Eleventh Century

Cicero (106 BC 43 BC) | SEP |

Lucius Apuleius of Madaura (c. 123/125 - 180)

Marius Victorinus (4th century)

Martianus Capella (5th century)

Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius (c. 480 - 524 or 525) | SEP |

Byzantine Logicians (from 6th to 12th century)

Alcuin of York (c. 735 - 804)

John Scottus Eriugena (c. 815 - 877) | SEP |

Logic in the Eleventh Century

Abbo of Fleury (c. 945 - 1004)

Anselm of Canterbury (1033 - 1109) | SEP | IEP |

Al Kindi (c. 801 - 873) | SEP |

Al-Farabi (c. 872 - 950/951) | SEP |

Avicenna (Ibn Sina) (c. 980 - 1037) | SEP | IEP |

Peter Damian (1007 - 1072) | SEP |

Averroes (Ibn Rushd) (1126 - 1198) | IEP |

Logic and Grammar in Twelfth Century

The anonymous Glosulae super Priscianum (written between 1080 and 1150)

Roscelin (c. 1050 - c. 1125)

William of Champeaux (c. 1070 - 1122) | SEP |

Garlandus Computista [Gerlandus of Besançon] (early 12th century)

Peter Abelard (1079 - 1142) | SEP | IEP |

Adam Parvipontanus (or Adam of Balsham) (? - 1181)

Gilbert of Poitiers (after 1085 - 1154)

John of Salisbury (c. 1120 - 1180) | SEP |

Moses Maimonides (1135 m- 1204) | SEP | IEP |

Logic and Grammar in Thirteenth Century

William of Sherwood (or Shyreswood) (1200/5 - 1266/71) | SEP |

Albert the Great (1200 - 1280) | SEP |

Peter of Spain (d. 1277) | SEP |

Robert Kilwardby (1215? - 1279) | SEP |

Roger Bacon (1215 - 1294) | SEP | IEP |

Henry of Ghent (c. 1217 - 1293) | SEP |

Richard the Sophister (second quarter of the 13th century) | SEP |

Ramón Llull (c. 1233 - 1316)

Giles of Romes (1243 - 1316) | SEP |

Boethius of Dacia (fl. 1260 - 1270)

William Heytesbury (? - d. 1272/3)

Simon of Faversham (c. 1260 - 1306) | SEP |

John Duns Scotus (c. 1266 - 1308) | SEP | IEP |

Radulphus Brito (c. 1270 - 1320)

Logic and Grammar in Fourteenth Century

Pseudo-Scotus (14th century)

Thomas of Erfurt (first quarter of the 14th century) | SEP | IEP |

Walter Burley (c. 1275 - 1344) | SEP |

Peter Aureoli (c. 1280 - 1322)

Siger of Courtrai (c. 1283 - 1341)

William of Ockham (c. 1287 - 1347) | SEP | IEP |

Walter Chatton (c. 1290 - 1343) | SEP |

Robert Holkot (c. 1290 - 1349)

Thomas Bradwardine (c. 1290 - 1349)

John Buridan (c. 1300 - after 1358) | SEP |

Gregory of Rimini (c. 1300 - 1358) | SEP |

Nicholas of Autrecourt (c. 1300 - after 1358) | SEP |

Richard Kilvington (1305 - 1361) | SEP |

Albert of Saxony (c. 1316 - 1390) | SEP |

John Wyclif (c. 1330 - 1384) | SEP |

Marsilius of Inghen (c. 1340 - 1396) | SEP |

Robert Alyngton ( ? - 1398) | SEP |

William Crathorn (fl. 1330) | SEP |

Richard Billingham (fl. 1350 - 1360)

Peter of Mantua (d. 1400)

Vincent Ferrer (c. 1350 - 1420/1)

Peter of Ailly (c. 1350 - 1420)

Sharpe Johannes (c. 1360 - 1515) | SEP |

William Penbygull ( ? - 1420 | SEP |)

Paul of Venice (c. 1369 - 1429) | SEP |

Paul of Pergola (1380 - 1455)

Logicians of the Fifteenth Century

George of Trebizond (1395 - 1472/3)

Nicholas of Cusa (1401 - 1464)

Lorenzo Valla (1407 - 1457) | SEP |

Rodolphus Agricola (1444 - 1485)

Pico della Mirandola (1463 - 1494) | SEP |

Logic in the Modern Age. First Part: 1500 - 1640

Jean Luis Vivés (1493 - 1540) | SEP |

Domingo de Soto (1494 - 1560)

Philipp Melanchthon (1497 – 1560)

Petrus Ramus (1515 - 1572) | SEP |

Pedro da Fonseca (1528 - 1599)

Franciscus Toletus (1532 - 1596)

Giacomo (Jacopo) Zabarella (1533 - 1589) | SEP |

Bartholomäus Keckermann (1572 - 1609)

Joachim Jungius (1587 - 1657)

Robert Sanderson (1587 - 1663)

Thomas Hobbes (1588 - 1679) | SEP | IEP |

Franco Burgersdijk (1590 - 1635)

Gassendi Pierre (1592 - 1655) | SEP |

The Conimbricenses (In universam dialectica Aristotelis, 1606)

Logic in the Modern Age. Second Part: 1640 - 1780

Athanasius Kircher (1601/2 - 1680)

Sebastián Izquierdo (1601 - 1681)

Juan Caramuel y Lobkowtiz (1606 - 1682)

Georges Dalgarno (1616 - 1687)

Antoine Arnauld (1612 - 1694) | IEP |

John Wallis (1616 - 1703)

Johannes Clauberg (1622 - 1665)

Arnold Geulincx (1624 - 1669)

John Locke (1632 – 1704)

Nicolas Malebranche (1638 – 1715)

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646 - 1716) | SEP | IEP |

Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus (1651 – 1708)

Christian Thomasius (1655 - 1728)

Johann Franz Budde (1667 - 1729)

Giovanni Girolamo Saccheri (1667 - 1733)

Andreas Rüdiger (1673 - 1731)

Christian Wolff (1679 - 1754) | SEP |

Johann Peter Reusch (1691 - 1758)

Johann Georg Walch (1693 – 1775)

Joahann Andreas Segner (1704 - 1777)

Leonhard Euler (1707 - 1783)

Étienne Bonnot de Condillac (1714 - 1780) | SEP | IEP |

Joachim Georg Darjes (1714 - 1791)

Gottfried Ploucquet (1716 - 1790)

Georg Friedrich Meier (1718 – 1777)

Immanuel Kant (1724 - 1804) | SEP | IEP |

Johann Heinrich Lambert (1728 - 1777)

Nicolas Condorcet (1743 - 1794)

Logic in First Half of Nineteenth Century

Jeremy Bentham (1748 - 1832) | SEP | IEP |

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770 - 1831)

Joseph Diaz Gergonne (1771 - 1859)

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772 - 1834)

Bernard Bolzano (1781 - 1848) | SEP | IEP |

Richard Whateley (1787 - 1863)

William Hamilton (1788 - 1856)

William Whewell (1794 - 1866) | SEP |

Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg (1802 - 1872)

Augustus De Morgan (1806 - 1871)

John Stuart Mill (1806 - 1873) | SEP | IEP |

Logic in the Second Half of Nineteenth Century

George Boole (1815 - 1864) | SEP |

Hermann Lotze (1817- 1881) | SEP |

Christoph von Sigwart (1830 - 1904)

Charles Dodgson [Lewis Carroll] (1832 - 1898)

John Venn (1834 - 1923)

William Stanley Jevons (1835 - 1882)

Hugh MacColl (1837 - 1909)

Victoria, Lady Welby (1837 - 1912)

Franz Brentano (1838 - 1917) | SEP |

Charles Saunders Peirce (1839 - 1914) | SEP | IEP |

Ernst Schröder (1841 - 1902)

Georg Cantor (1845 - 1918)

Francis Herbert Bradley (1846 - 1924) | SEP | IEP |

Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847 - 1930)

Bernard Bosanquet (1848 - 1923) | SEP |

Gottlob Frege (1848 - 1925) | SEP | IEP |

Logic in the Twentieth Century

John Neville Keynes (1852 - 1949)

Alexius Meinong (1853 - 1920) | SEP |

Giuseppe Peano (1858 - 1932)

Edmund Husserl (1859 - 1938) | SEP | IEP |

Alfred Whitehead (1861 - 1947) | SEP | IEP |

David Hilbert (1862 - 1943)

Louis Couturat (1868 - 1914)

Ernst Zermelo (1871 - 1953)

Bertrand Russell (1872 - 1970) | SEP | IEP |

Jan Lukasiewicz (1878 - 1956) | SEP |

Ernst Mally (1879 - 1944) | SEP |

Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer (1881 - 1966) | SEP |

Clarence Irving Lewis (1883 - 1924) | SEP | IEP |

Hermann Weyl (1885 - 1955) | SEP |

Kazimierz Twardowski (1886 - 1938) | SEP |

Stanislaw Lesniewski (1886 - 1939) | SEP |

Thoralf Skolem (1887 - 1963)

Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889 - 1951) | SEP | IEP |

Rudolf Carnap (1891 - 1970) | IEP |

Frank Plumpton Ramsey (1903 - 1930)

Jacques Herbrand (1908 - 1931)

Kurt Gödel (1906 - 1978) | SEP |

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